The significance of gold in India has grown by leaps and bounds in the heart of Indians and homes alike. Gold, in Indian history, is more than an investment. It is an integral part of Indian culture and traditions as gold jewelry is passed on from generations to generations to keep the family legacy alive. Also, gifting gold is considered auspicious in India. In addition to this, many people in the country find gold as a safe investment and use it during financial crisis.
Although the price of gold is displayed at every jeweler’s shop in India but to be sure of the price of gold jewelry and coins simultaneously, it is wise to first calculate the rate of gold by following the five steps mentioned below in this article:
- Determine the current value of Gold: This is important because there is a formula that should be used to calculate the per gram value of gold. However, the only variable in the formula is the current value of gold that you can find using the internet. Note that gold rates that you see online are for 24 carat of gold – the purest form of gold. However, for gold jewelry, 22 karat gold is used.
- In the second step, divide the current gold rates in dollars per ounce by 31.1 to get today’s gold price per grams. Let’s suppose, if today’s gold price is $1600/ounce, then present gold rates will be $1600 divided by 31.1, which will be equal to USD $ 51.45 per gram.
- Categorize your gold in Karat to access its value: This means, keep all the gold coins on one side whereas the jewelry, and other items on other respective sides. You can use a magnifier to see the mark on the gold. In case it is not visible, you can even do the acid test or Skey test to check the gold karat, whether it is 18K, 22K or 24k. Once the assessment is done, keep the gold coin and jewelry in a separate group.
- For each group including the coin and the jewelry, divide the karat by 24 and then multiply it by the current gold rates per gram. For example, if you have 10k gold and the value of gold on that particular day is USD $1600/ounce or USD $ 51.45 per gram, then the price of your scrap gold will be 10k = 10/24 = .4167, that means USD$51.45 x .4167 = USD$21.44 per gram.
- To calculate the price of gold jewelry, the following formula can be used:-
Gold jewelry price = (Gold price/gram) * (weight in gm) + (making charges) * (Weight in gm) + GST
So if, the price of 22k gold is 2350/gram, the purchase weight is 2gm and making charges is, let’s suppose, Rs. 200/gm, then the price of gold ornament will be =2530* 2+200*2 =5660 +GST (3%) = Rs. 5828.
In India, the demand for gold is escalating and so is the price. Therefore, to invest in the finest gold or to sell gold for maximum returns, it is good to do a bit of ground work. Note that, not all jewelers in the country offer gold at similar rates because of the making charges (that varies from one shop to the other), and discounts (that many gold sellers offer from time to time to clear the stock). Also, some shopkeepers buy gold in bulk at a lesser price and thereafter sell it at a reduced rate too as compared to other shops. Therefore, it is wise to do some research on gold rate and the type of gold you want to invest in.
If you are in dire need of money and are looking to get a secured personal loan quickly, there are not many places you can resort to. This is because firstly applying for a secured personal loan can never be quick. Secondly secured personal loans also require you to provide a collateral – may be a home or jewelry, that you may lose if you default on the loan. Moreover, if you don’t have an asset to provide it as collateral, or you don’t want to get loan against your asset and keep it on stake, you’re ultimately left with limited choices that include:-
Title loan companies: – These companies provide a secured personal loan by claiming the car that you own. They keep the label while you can keep using your car. Depending on the year of purchase, condition and the type of your car, the amount of loan is settled – which is typically not more than half the price of your vehicle with the interest rate being 25%. These loans are mandatory to be repaid within 30 days or it can also be renewed for an additional term by paying the fees. If the borrower fails to pay off the loan or renew it, the lender can reclaim the vehicle. If the borrower still fails to pay off the loan and other charges associated with it, the lender has full authority to sell the car to make up for the loan amount.
Pawn shops: They also provide short-term, secured personal loans against your property but at a high-interest rate and fees. To initiate the loan process, you will have to display property; a broker at the shop will then evaluate and fix the loan amount that you can get, but it will be less than the actual value of your property. It is not just the property, Pawn shops also offer loan against jewelry, electronic equipment, and small piece of equipment, musical instruments, even motor vehicle but you cannot use the asset till the time you settle up the loan amount in full. The tenure of personal loans offered by the pawn shops is not more than one month and if you do not repay the loan on time and the asset is still with the lender, the broker has full authority to sell the asset to extract the loan amount.
Check-cashing stores: These also offer secured personal loans but in a different way. Firstly they offer loan amount in cash or advance, secondly, you have to give the lender a check for the loan amount as a security along with the lender’s fees. Thirdly, the loans offered by these stores are not more than $500. The lender will keep your check with him/her till the time you pay off the loan or renew the loan term by paying the fees. If you do neither of these things, the lender will deposit your check in the bank to extract the loan amount. In case your cheque is bounced, you will have to pay more dues to the lender and the bank as well.
Conclusion: These secured personal loans are intended to provide immediate funds to those in urgent need of money at a higher interest rate. The short term secured loans offered by these companies can help you a lot if you use this amount for the right purpose and pay them off on time. One word of advice: Always do a thorough grounding, and make wise judgment when getting a loan from these lenders.
While availing a loan, the hardest part is to decide the type of interest rate one should choose. Ideally, banks/financial institutions provide many types of interest rate including, fixed interest rate, floating rate of interest, resettable fixed rates, partly fixed and partly floating rate of interest. Of all, the most prominent ones are:-
- Fixed Interest Rate: As the name suggests, the fixed rate of interest remains fixed throughout the loan period. However, this rate of interest is generally 1% – 2.5% higher when compared to other types of interest rates. Also, only a few banks offer the fixed rate of interest on loans.
- Floating Rate of Interest: Also known as adjustable, flexible or variable rate of interest. The floating rate of interest fluctuates as per the market or an index. So the borrower applying for this type of loan has to bear the risk of paying higher interest rates when the lending rates climb and can also pay lower interest rates when the lending rates drop by any chance. Loans with floating interest rates are slightly cheaper as compared to loans with a fixed rate of interest.
How is Interest Rate Calculated on a Fixed Rate Loan?
The interest on a fixed rate loan is calculated using the following formula:-
P = (R/1-(1+R)-N)Loan
P is the regular payment you make every period
R is the rate of interest per period
N is the number of periods
Loan is the total loan amount
To calculate R, the rate of interest, take the yearly rate of interest and divide it by the number of payment periods in a year. For instance, if you pay on a monthly basis and your loan interest is 4%, then your interest payment will be (0.04/12) = 0.003333 or 0.3333%.
To calculate N, take the loan term in years and multiply it by the periods in a year. Let’s assume your loan term is of 20 years and you make your payments monthly. In such a case, the N would be 12×20=240. Banks and other money lenders always give borrowers the option to choose between fixed or floating rate loans – as per their requirements.
Those who find this calculation difficult can use EMI Calculator to calculate the interest rate. It is an online tool that helps you to calculate the loan interest rate instantaneously. An EMI calculator has a user-friendly interface and, therefore, is easy to use. To calculate the interest rate, you simply have to provide the required information and get the results directly. You can experiment with the EMI calculator by adjusting the sliders. Apart from providing the exact information, you can change the amount, interest rate and loan term to get an EMI that is most suitable for you. You can recalculate the loan EMI as many times you want by using EMI calculator online.
Why is a Fixed Rate of Interest Loan Better?
As compared to floating interest rate, fixed interest rate loans are always a better option. Firstly, it does not carry any risk or uncertainties. Secondly, it is good for those who want to play it safe and don’t wish to pay more in any circumstances. The fixed rate of interest also means that borrower will not be affected by any increasing rates. However, the fixed rate interest loan is less prominent in India and also comes with a resettable clause.
All in all, loans in India have appeared as a boon for those who are in dire need of money to buy a new car or property, for their son/daughter’s wedding/education and other such requirements. But before getting any loan, one must decide on the type of interest rate, the processing fee and the monthly EMI they want to pay on a regular basis to the lender. Remember, the lower the loan interest rate, the lesser will be the EMI. Therefore, the borrowers who are interested to apply for a loan must choose the loan interest type wisely before borrowing the money from the lender.
What is IFSC Code
Indian Financial System Code or IFSC is a unique 11-character code assigned to a bank’s branch. The IFSC is an alpha-numeric code which consists of three parts – first four alphabetic characters which signify the bank’s name, the fifth character which is always 0 (keeping in mind future expansion) and the last six characters which signify the bank’s branch’s address. The last six characters are usually numerical but can be alphabetical too.
Use of IFSC Code
Online transactions are made safe, secure and easy through the bank’s verification of KYC data of both the sender and the beneficiary. Payer needs to confirm both his/her details and the payee’s details before the transaction is carried out. The beneficiary’s IFSC is verified before the payer is able to transfer money through all of such schemes as National Electronics Fund Transfer (NEFT), Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) and Immediate Payment Service (IMPS).
Housing Development Finance Corporation and its branches
HDFC Bank or Housing Development Finance Corporation is a banking and financial services company with headquarters in Mumbai. HDFC Bank also has international presence in areas such as Bahrain, Hong Kong and Dubai. Among India’s largest private sector lenders by assets and the largest bank with market capitalization, HDFC offers many baking and financial services such as retail and wholesale banking, loan and mortgages and credit card services. HDFC has an expansive no. of branches in the country with over 4700 branches and 12,000 ATMs in more than 2500 cities and towns. The bank also has an extensive connectivity to the rural areas of the country. HDFC bank has more than 84,000 employees, a profit of Rs. 12,817 Crore as of 2016 and revenue of Rs. 74,373 Crore as of 2016. As India’s economy goes digital at a rapid pace, banks including HDFC are tasked with a challenging task of reaching out to India’s every corner so that banking goes digital seamlessly.
How to find HDFC IFSC Code
HDFC IFSC code can be found: https://www.paisabazaar.com/ifsc-code/hdfc-bank/
- On the first page of your HDFC cheque book
- On the bottom left side of your cheque book’s leaves
- On the official website of HDFC Bank
- Reserve Bank of India’s website
- Other Third Party websites
Concerning the first two points, to encourage electronic banking, HDFC bank along with many other banks have agreed to RBI’s requirement to print IFSC codes on cheque books and individual cheque leaves of all of their customers.
Concerning the last three points, to find the IFSC of your branch online, you should know the exact name of your branch too. Along with your beneficiary’s bank’s IFSC, you also require other key details of your beneficiary such as Name, Bank Name, Branch Name etc. to send money through the various electronic find transfer modes.
A HDFC IFSC looks like HDFC0000485. It is made up of three parts-the first four alphabetic characters ‘HDFC’ identify the bank’s name, the fifth character is a ‘0’ is for future expansion and the last six characters, ‘000485’ are the ones which represent the bank’s branch’s address and are usually numeric but can be alphabetical too. Also, with HDFC accounts, if let’s say your account’s first four characters are 0720 than in most cases, the IFSC’s last four characters would be HDFC000720. However, it is pertinent to confirm your IFSC before proceeding for a digital transaction.
Tools such as IFSC enable you to make and receive safe, quick and secure payments, in conclusion, saving your time and money while letting you carry out the transaction at your comfort and convenience. Moreover, such transactions are reflected immediately in the sender’s and the receiver’s account. Transactions facilitated by IFSC are much quickly realized than transaction done conventionally through demand drafts and cheques. They are way safer, accurate and transparent too as the beneficiary’s IFSC is verified and only then the transaction is completed by the bank. Moreover, once the transaction is complete, all parties involved are informed through SMS and/or email by their respective banks. Also, digital transactions enabled through this code make it easier for the banks to reconcile and validate their data. In conclusion, digital banking through IFSC is making India a digital and transparent economy and we as a society should all encourage that.
Financial hardships in one form or another are a surety of life and everyone goes through ups and downs during their lifetime. In case there is a financial emergency, you might need to take a loan in order to tide over the hard times. One of the most popular options when seeking financial help in case of these hardships is a personal loan, however, this option does have a few problems such as high interest rates and a borrowing limit depending on your income. Additionally, such loans might be a lot more difficult to avail in case you are a self employed individual or do contractual work that does not have a constant revenue stream. In cases such as these, a gold loan can truly be a rescuer from hard times if you have the precious metal to use as collateral. The following are some of the key reasons why gold loans are preferred by many in order to overcome financial hardships.
Short Processing Times
A gold loan can be availed within as short a period as a few hours and in most cases the same day no matter who your lender is. No other loan currently features as short a processing time and this makes gold loans a popular choice if your own gold jewelry or coins and need to get hold of your money really fast. This processing time also include the time it takes for the in-house valuation expert to determine the value of the ornaments or jewelry to be used as security for the loan.
Another key benefit of the gold loan is the availability of multiple payment options. While most loans have to be paid in EMIs spread over the loan duration, a loan against gold has a unique bullet payment option. In case you avail this option, you only need to service the interest component of the loan during the loan tenure. Towards the end of the tenure, you can choose to make a single large payment and pay off your gold loan in one go.
Zero Pre-Payment Penalties
A loan availed using gold as collateral is one of the few borrowing options that you can hope to pay off without incurring the standard 1% to 3% penalty usually applicable to loan payments made before completion of their tenure. As a result of this, the borrower is in complete control when he/she wants to pay off her loan. This way you can save on interest charges that may be applied in case the borrowing was to run its original tenure. This is one of the key reasons why this secured loan is preferred by many.
Low Interest Rates
Aside from home loans, which incidentally is also a secured loan, a gold loan is probably the cheapest loan an individual can avail in terms of the rate of interest that is charged. This benefit definitely makes this asset-backed loan easy to pay off in a hurry, while the money to be borrowed is readily available in case of an emergency.
In case of most loans, the borrower has to worry about the wide range of documents that they need to submit. In case of a loan against gold, the prospective borrower can rest easy because he/she only needs to furnish the most basic of KYC documents mainly for identity and address verification purposes. Even a valid PAN card is not necessary unless the loan amount being sanctioned is above a certain limit. Also no credit score information needs to be considered by the lender, which further decreases the time to disbursal.
A loan provided using gold as security can have a tenure ranging from a few days to a few years, though in most cases, the maximum limit is fixed at 12 months. This flexibility is perfectly suited for individuals who might need a cash infusion in a hurry and can pay it off within a very short time once they have the money hand to pay the loan off.
In view of the above benefits, there shouldn’t be any reason to doubt how helpful a gold loan can be in case one is going through a temporary financial hardship.